Ingredient Glossary

Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C, an antioxidant vitamin. Non-essential vitamin for dogs and cats as they can produce adequate amounts on their own.

↑ Back to Top

Barley

Whole grain. Has 50% more protein than rice. Slow burning carbohydrate source, helps control blood sugar levels and helps keep the pet feeling satisfied for a longer period of time.

Beef Meal

Beef is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

Beet Pulp (Dried)

Dried remains of sugar beets after sugar is removed. Gray in color. Moderately fermentable fiber source to provide cells in colon with energy and to promote the good bacteria in the intestines. Considered to be one of the best fiber sources for optimal stool quality.

Biotin

B vitamin required for metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids and non-essential amino acids. Water soluble vitamin. Required for normal skin and haircoat.

Blueberries

Rich in fiber and antioxidants, blueberries are considered to be a superfood.

Brewers Dried Rice

Highly digestible carbohydrate made up from broken fragments of rice.

Brewers Rice

Highly digestible carbohydrate made up from broken fragments of rice.

Brown Rice

Whole grain brown rice ground to a powder. Whole grains are metabolized more slowly, providing a steady supply of energy throughout the day. Source of fiber, carbohydrates and vitamin B.

↑ Back to Top

Calcium Pantothenate

Source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin. This vitamin is necessary for normal intestinal function, growth and haircoat color.

Chicken By-product Meal

Animal source protein, made up mostly of internal organs such as liver, digestive tract, and kidneys. The intestines are a good source of smooth muscle protein. Fifteen percent of the meal includes meat and bone. No feathers. This ingredient is very digestible and very low in ash.

Chicken Digest

Ingredient that is applied to the outside of the kibble to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the dry pet food. (It does not contain MSG.)

Chicken Fat

A digestible energy source. A source of Arachidonic acid (elongated form of omega-6) and Linoleic (omega-6) Acid.

Chicken Meal

Chicken is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

Chicory Root (Dried)

A moderately fermentable carbohydrate source. Fermentation of chicory root (FOS-fructooligosaccharide) in the colon produces short chain fatty acids that are an energy source for colonocytes (cells lining the colon) as well as for the good bacteria in the colon.

Choline Chloride

A B-complex vitamin. Choline is required for normal nervous system function, normal growth in young animals and protection of the kidneys. It can be synthesized in the liver, but is a dietary requirement.

Chondroitin Sulphate

A substance found in the body, this is a building block for normal healthy cartilage. It also helps block harmful enzymes from damaging the cartilage. This supplement is derived from poultry cartilage.

Copper Proteinate

Chelated form of copper. Copper is an important mineral for maintaining coat color and also regulates reproduction in cats. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Copper Sulfate

An inorganic form of copper, a required mineral element. Copper is involved in normal reproduction as well as responsible for maintaining normal coat pigmentation.

Corn Gluten Meal

The dried residue from corn after the removal of the large part of the starch, gluten and germ in the processes to manufacture corn syrup. It is an excellent low-ash protein source which is highly digestible.

↑ Back to Top

DL-Methionine

An essential amino acid which contains sulfur. Important for both dogs and cats, but more critical in cats since they have an increased demand for this amino acid. This is also a urine acidifier.

Dried Bifidobacterium Animalis Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain® Probiotics and Viables® Probiotics.

Dried Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blend, K9 Strain® Probiotics.

Dried Lactobacillus Reuteri Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine digestive system. It is a component of our proprietary K9 Strain® Probiotics, added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion.

↑ Back to Top

Egg (Egg Product)

Cooked and dried whole eggs.

Egg Derivatives

Cooked and dried whole eggs.

↑ Back to Top

Ferrous Sulfate

Inorganic form of iron. Added to enhance the iron content of the food. Iron is responsible for the transport of oxygen throughout the body.

Fish Meal

Whole Menhaden fish is an excellent source of protein as well as omega fatty acids.

Flaxseed

A plant source of omega-3 fatty acids that is very palatable.

Folic Acid

A water soluble B vitamin necessary for formation of red blood cells and for normal function of the nervous system and reproduction (fetal development).

↑ Back to Top

Glucosamine Hydrochloride

A building block for normal healthy joints. It is obtained from the shells of shrimp, lobsters and crabs.

Ground White Rice

Ground rice is white rice that is received as a ground ingredient, instead of whole. Rice is a highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient that supplies energy for active pets.

↑ Back to Top

Iron Proteinate

Chelated form of iron. Necessary for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

↑ Back to Top

Lamb Meal

Lamb is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

Lentils

A legume that is new to pet food formulations. Legumes contain protein, fiber and carbohydrates and are nutritious ingredients for pet foods.

Linseed

A plant source of omega-3 fatty acids. Very palatable and stable.

↑ Back to Top

Maize

The whole corn grain ground to a flour consistency. Highly digestible carbohydrate source as well as source of protein and vitamins. All incoming corn is tested for aflatoxin.

Maize (Ground, Whole Grain Ground)

The whole corn grain ground to a flour consistency. Highly digestible carbohydrate source as well as source of protein and vitamins. All incoming corn is tested for aflatoxin.

Maize Gluten Meal

The dried residue from corn after the removal of the large part of the starch, gluten, and germ from the processes employed in the manufacture of corn syrup. It is an excellent low ash protein source which is highly digestible.

Manganese Proteinate

Chelated form of manganese. Manganese is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Manganese Sulfate

The manganese salt of sulfuric acid is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions.

Manganous Oxide

The oxide form of manganese that is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions.

↑ Back to Top

Natural Chicken Flavor

Ingredient from chicken sources that is added to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the food (does not contain MSG).

Natural Flavor

Ingredient that is added to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the food. (Does not contain MSG).

Niacin

Vitamin B3. Important for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system and energy metabolism.

↑ Back to Top

Oat Flakes

Whole grain that is an excellent source of slow burning carbohydrates for all day energy and fiber for proper digestion.

↑ Back to Top

Pea Flour

Whole peas that have been ground into a flour consistency. Excellent source of protein and carbohydrates.

Pea Protein

Peas are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals. A special processing technique is used to separate the protein from the starch and fiber to create a digestible, low ash protein source with the added benefit of phytonutrients.

Peas

Peas, either green or yellow, are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals.

Potassium Chloride

Potassium salt of hydrochloric acid and is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm), and certain metabollic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potassium Iodide

Potassium salt that is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm) and certain metabolic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Vitamin B6. Water-soluble. Necessary for blood cell formation and nervous system function.

↑ Back to Top

Raspberries

These berries contain antioxidants that help protect overall good health.

Riboflavin

Vitamin B2. Water soluble. This vitamin is necessary for nervous system function, energy utilization, healthy skin and coat and tissue repair.

Rice bran

The inner (bran) portion of rice. Source of fat and fiber.

↑ Back to Top

Salmon Oil

This oil is extracted from salmon. Marine source oils are rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA.

Salt

Source of sodium and chloride. Used in formulas for growing animals or reproducing animals. Sodium and chloride are required in higher levels by these life stages.

Sodium Selenite

Form of selenium, an essential trace mineral necessary for normal immune function and reproduction.

Sweet Potatoes

A power packed vegetable rich in dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, iron, calcium and beta carotene, this is one ideal complex carbohydrate source that provides all day energy.

↑ Back to Top

Taurine

Amino acid essential for cats, maintains healthy eyes and heart.

Thiamine Mononitrate

Vitamin B1. Required for protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to maintain normal nervous system function.

Tomato Pomace

A soluble fiber source that helps promote digestive health and firm stools. Sourced from tomatoes, contributes vitamin C, lycopene and other important antioxidants.

Tomatoes

A source of vitamin C and lycopene, important antioxidants.

↑ Back to Top

Vitamin A Supplement

Active source of vitamin A, required by cats. Dogs can convert inactive vitamin A (beta-carotene) to active vitamin A. Necessary for reproduction, vision, normal skeletal and tooth development, immunity and tissue integrity.

Vitamin B12 Supplement

The only B vitamin that can be stored by the body. Necessary for formation of red blood cells and normal nervous system function.

Vitamin D Supplement

Regulates calcium and phosphorus balance and bone calcification.

Vitamin E Supplement

Helps protect cell membranes, regulates intracellular respiration and immune function.

↑ Back to Top

Wheat Flour

Finely ground wheat grain. Highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient.

Wheat Middlings

Wheat middlings is a carbohydrate ingredient, made up of a blend of the components of wheat after it goes through the milling process, and is rich in dietary fiber.

↑ Back to Top

Yucca Schidigera Extract

A plant extract that helps support healthy digestion.

↑ Back to Top

Zinc Proteinate

Chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Zinc Sulfate

Non-chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction.